Key Stage 2 Curriculum & Subjects - 2021/2022

Interactive Junior Education

Key Stage 2 (KS2) overview
Cross-curricular learning

Our Junior School provides a modern, fun and flexible approach to teaching and learning in a digital learning environment. We aim to set pupils up for success in their education and beyond with creativity, cooperative work, connectedness to the world and adaptability being key features.

We keep our class sizes small (no more than 20 pupils per class), as we know this is hugely beneficial to our pupils’ learning experience. All of our lessons are taught live by our team of experienced Junior teachers that are there every step of the way to encourage a passion for learning. Active participation is encouraged in all live lessons and independent learning tasks are provided to follow on from lessons and consolidate learning.

Key Stage 2 is offered as a core curriculum package*, and includes a strong focus on cross-curricular learning. This gives pupils exposure to a range of experiences that reflect both a discipline-field and an interdisciplinary orientation. For more information on our KS2 package and fees, please click the link below.

Read below for further details on the subjects we offer at KS2 level.

* Please note – Year 3, 4, 5 and 6 is available as a set curriculum package of core subjects – Maths, English, Science, Reading, Humanities, PSHE, Creative Art and a choice of 1 Language. All other subjects can only be added in addition to the core package. They are not available for individual enrolment.  See details below.


Subjects & details

Click on the subjects below for an overview of each KS2 course.

We believe the teaching & learning of English enables pupils to communicate and understand the world around us. It gives them confidence and a way to express their emotions, opinions and ambitions. We have designed our Junior English Curriculum around the context of a number of texts to immerse and highly engage pupils with English as a subject. The intent is to provide creative, real purpose opportunities through the teaching of SPAG, writing and reading for purpose, which present opportunities for acquiring knowledge, skills and understanding of the English National Curriculum.  

Our writing aims are to:

  • Nurture and develop confident and creative writers;
  • Provide a stimulating and challenging range of teaching and learning experiences which present opportunities for acquiring knowledge, skills and understanding of grammar and punctuation;
  • Provide opportunities for the development of creativity through writing across the curriculum and give pupils real purpose opportunities for writing;
  • Set writing tasks which have a clear and immediate purpose and intended audience;
  • Provide writing frames, engaging stimulus and word banks to support less confident pupils

Learning to read fluently is a fundamental part of a child’s education in order to confidently access all areas of learning and prepare them for the next stage in their life. Reading is given high status at My Online Schooling Junior School. We aim to teach pupils the skills to enable them to read well but also aim to instil them with a love of reading and a passion for exploring a range of texts and genres. We encourage our pupils to engage in the selection of “100 Books to Read before I Leave Y6”.

Our reading aims are to:

  • Develop a love of literature that includes the multitude of genres and a wide range of authors that are promoted through various areas and resources throughout school;
  • Develop confidence in reading and to share with others their love of books;
  • Provide a wide range of opportunities for reading, linking this to everyday life situations;
  • Read with confidence, fluency and understanding

Our aims are that all pupils: 

  • Become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics so that they develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately; 
  • Can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of problems with increasing sophistication, including in unfamiliar contexts and to model real-life scenarios; 
  • Can reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry and develop and present a justification, argument or proof using mathematical language. 

We provide a Junior Maths curriculum that supports a mastery approach to teaching and learning, that has been designed to support the aims and objectives of the National Curriculum and promotes enjoyment and enthusiasm for learning through practical activity, exploration and discussion. As well as developing competence and confidence with the number system, we progress pupils’ ability to solve problems through decision-making and reasoning in a range of contexts which promote and support understanding of the importance of mathematics in everyday life.

We use the CPA (Concrete, Pictorial and Abstract) approach to developing mathematical skills and build competency: 

Concrete – Pupils are given the opportunity to view and use concrete objects and manipulatives online to help them understand what they are doing and learning.

Pictorial – Alongside this, pupils are given the opportunity to use pictorial representations to support the embedding of concepts and help reason and solve problems.

Abstract – Both concrete and pictorial representations should support pupils’  understanding of abstract methods.

Across years 3-6, pupils become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the 4 operations, including number facts, the concept of place value and the multiplication tables. Pupils develop efficient written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately with increasingly large whole numbers. They develop the necessary connections between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio. Pupils are encouraged to develop their ability to solve a wide range of problems and reason, including increasingly complex properties of numbers. They are introduced to the language of algebra and teaching in statistics, geometry and measure also extends their mathematical knowledge and understanding. By the end of KS2, our aim is that pupils are fluent in written methods for all 4 operations, including long multiplication and division, and in working with fractions, decimals and percentages.

Our aims are that all pupils: 

  • Are nurtured and developed into confident and inquisitive scientists, ready for the 21st Century;
  • Develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of Science through different types of scientific enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them;
  • Are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.

We provide a Science curriculum that has been designed to support the aims and objectives of the National Curriculum and offers a range of stimulating and creative teaching and learning experiences which present opportunities for acquiring knowledge, skills and understanding of scientific concepts. Our curriculum provides real, purposeful opportunities to explore and develop concepts, including through a range of practical activities which embed pupils’ skills to work scientifically. This in turn, challenges, encourages and promotes scientific prediction and explanation skills. To support our progressive curriculum, we also offer a range of engaging STEM projects (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) throughout the academic year; including a whole school cross curricular STEM week in celebration of the annual British Science Week. Towards the end of Year 6, we also provide pupils with the exciting opportunity to obtain the STEM Young Leaders Award prior to their transition to Secondary education.

Across KS2, pupils will learn about living things and their habitats as well as describing the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals. They will also learn to describe biological changes as human beings develop. Pupils will learn about properties and changes in materials, including their hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity and response to magnets. They will learn about Earth and space, and describe the movement of the Earth, Moon and Sun relative to the rest of the solar system. Pupils will develop their knowledge about forces and that unsupported objects fall towards Earth due to the force of gravity, and that this is affected by air resistance, water resistance and friction that acts between moving surfaces. Pupils will explore and identify the way sound is made and find patterns between the pitch and volume of a sound and features of the object that produced it. They will study electricity, constructing simple series circuits to help them answer questions about what happens when they add different components. Pupils will also research a number of Scientists and Inventors and understand how Scientists are a diverse group of people.

Our Humanities curriculum encompasses Geography and History and these disciplines share many common themes and concepts, whilst having their own discrete body of knowledge and skills. Through Humanities, we aim to provide pupils with rich learning opportunities to acquire knowledge and develop practical skills such as exploration, enquiry and interpretation. Our practical, real purpose approach also develops engagement in cross-curricular disciplines such as writing, Art and Design and Technology.

Our aims are that all pupils:

  • Are inspired to be curious about the natural world and its past, present and future;
  • Develop rich content across time periods on a global scale and the skills necessary to interpret and articulate the past and the present;
  • Explore physical and human landscapes, and a context for the causes and consequences of physical and human inter-relationships and interdependence which characterise our modern world;
  • Are equipped with the skills to use and analyse a range of evidence sources, maps, images and Geographical Information Systems;
  • Are encouraged to explore and engage with important issues facing humanity, including sustainability, social change and inequality and injustice;
  • Can research, present and evaluate data so they can think critically about problems and issues.

Across KS2, pupils will develop their knowledge and understanding of British and world history through topics such as The Stone Age; The Iron Age; Ancient Egyptians and The Shang Dynasty. They will develop their knowledge of globally significant places, including their defining physical and human characteristics and processes by studying topics such as Rainforests; Deserts; Kenya; The UK and The USA. They will also explore important themes such as Fairtrade; Climate Change and Sustainability.

Personal, Social, Health and Economic education (PSHE) has a key place at the heart of our curriculum due to the importance we place as a school on our pupil’s wellbeing and mental health. Our curriculum enables pupils to develop the knowledge, skills and attributes they need to keep themselves healthy, safe and prepared for future life and work. 

Our aims are that all pupils:

  • Develop self-confidence and self-esteem;
  • Form positive relationships with other members of the school and the wider community;
  • Are positive and active members of society;
  • Understand and respect our common humanity, diversity and differences;
  • Understand what constitutes a healthy lifestyle.

The three main areas of study are health and wellbeing, relationships, and living in the wider world. The health and wellbeing topic covers positive and negative influences on  physical, mental, and emotional health, healthy diets,  the influence of social media, recognising risk, danger, and hazards, commonly available substances, and changes to the body with puberty. The relationships topic will cover how to manage and communicate feelings to others, how to care for others, types of bullying and strategies to resist bullying, and how and where to get help. The living in the wider world topic will allow pupils to discuss and debate topical issues, understand basic human rights, learn what it means to be part of a community, appreciate different religious and ethnic identities and understand how the media presents information.

Our aims are that all pupils: 

  • Develop a love and curiosity for exploring visual art and design; music; movement and drama; 
  • Experiment and develop a variety of skills, techniques and tools to produce original art and design pieces and performances;
  • Develop confidence and self-esteem through a range of creative arts disciplines and performances;
  • Foster an understanding and respect for national and global cultures expressed through creative arts;
  • Develop a range of critical thinking strategies that can be applied to learning experiences both independently and collaboratively.

Creative Arts encompasses the teaching and learning in Visual Arts; Design Technology; Music; Movement and Drama. Our curriculum draws from cross curricular links with other subjects and disciplines and enables pupils to explore, express and communicate ideas, feelings and experiences across these creative artforms. This area of learning plays a vital role in enabling pupils to enhance their individual creative talent and develop their artistic skills to the best of their abilities. Creative Arts allows pupils to develop an appreciation of aesthetic and cultural values and identities and broaden their knowledge, understanding and skills of a range of creative arts disciplines in a local and global context, both past and present.

Pupils learn to write and debug programs to accomplish specific goals, as well as using sequence, selection and repetition in programs, and using logical reasoning to explain how some simple algorithms work. They will develop an understanding of computer networks and the world wide web, use search technologies effectively, select and use a variety of software on a range of digital devices, and use technology safely, respectfully, and responsibly in an increasingly technological world.

At My Online Schooling, we encourage pupils to become global citizens by learning additional languages. Our language courses support pupils to develop reading, writing, listening and speaking skills from foundational knowledge to advanced fluency. We offer courses in:

  • Spanish
  • French
  • Arabic

Our language courses are grouped by pupils’ experience level and are aligned to the English National Curriculum. When pupils register for a language course, they will take a placement quiz which will allow us to place them in a course that matches their level of experience.

We start at Beginner 1 level, which is suitable for pupils who have no prior experience in the language. At Junior level, pupils can advance through to Beginner 2 and Intermediate 1.

Key Stage 2

Additional Support

We offer additional support lessons for KS2 pupils, where required. Please see below for details on the groups currently offered:

Pupils who have been identified as needing more support will be referred by their classroom teacher to this small group instruction class in addition to their core curriculum package. Thrive Group is delivered by the same main classroom teacher and targets literacy, numeracy and learning strategies to support the learning taking place across the curriculum.

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If you are looking for more information about My Online Schooling, then please enquire via the button on the right.