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Personal, Social, Health and Economic education has been designed to help students to develop spiritually, morally, culturally, mentally, and physical, and prepare them for all aspects of life outside of school. The three main areas of study are covered in varying depth across all ages. These are Health and Wellbeing, Relationships, and Living in the Wider World. It encourages students to live healthy, safe, productive, capable, responsible, and balanced lives. It provides the opportunity for students to reflect on and clarify their own values and attitudes, and explore the conflicting range of values and attitudes they may encounter now and in the future. It aims to help students to build their conference, resilience, and self esteem, to identify and manage risk, make informed choices, and understand what influences their decisions. It helps them to recognise, accept, and shape their identities, to understand and accommodate difference and change, to manage emotions and to communicate constructively in a variety of settings.

KS2

    1. Health and Wellbeing: Positive and negative influences on physical, mental, and emotional health, healthy diets, the influence of social media, recognising risk, danger, and hazards, the use of mobile phones, basic emergency first aid, commonly available substances like alcohol, tobacco, and energy drinks, and changes to the body with puberty

 

  • Relationships: how to communicate feelings to others, how to care for others, what kind of physical contact is acceptable, the differences between people (including ethnic, racial and sexual orientation), types of bullying and strategies to resist bullying, and how and where to get help, stereotypes
  • Living in the wider world: discuss and debate topical issues, understand basic human rights, learn what it means to be part of a community, appreciate different religious and ethnic identities in the UK, understand interest, loans, debt, and tax, understand how the media present information

 

KS3

 

  • Health and Wellbeing: how to maintain physical, mental and emotional health and wellbeing, how to make informed choices about drugs, alcohol, tobacco, a balanced diet, parenthood and the consequences of teenage pregnancy, how to administer emergency first aid, the influence of media and lifestyle, recognising and reducing risk, recognising the influence of peer pressure, the difference between occasional use and dependence and addiction, cancer and cancer prevention, how to access local health services
  • Relationships: developing team working skills, communication, active listening, negotiation, receiving constructive feedback and assertiveness, sexual attraction, the features of positive and stable relationships (trust, mutual respect, honesty, equality), and unhealthy relationships (imbalance of power, coercion, control, exploitation, abuse of any kind),  different types of relationship, marriage, sexual consent, contraception, the risks of unprotected sex, the portrayal and impact of sex in the media and social media, the difference between biological/ assigned sex, gender identity, and sexual orientation, laws relating to carrying offensive weapons, the issues with sharing explicit images
  • Living in the wider world: knowledge and skills needed for setting realistic and personal targets and goals, the impact of stereotyping, prejudice, bigotry, bullying, and discrimination on individuals and communities, different types of work- employment, self-employment, and voluntary work, engaging in enterprise, protecting online presence and reputation and a personal ‘brand’, assessing and managing financial risk, gambling, social and moral dilemmas about the use of money, different work roles and career pathways

 

KS4

 

  • Health and Wellbeing: self confidence and self esteem, managing stress, anxiety and depression, causes treatment and symptoms of mental and emotional health disorders, recognising triggers for self harming, STIs and HIV/AIDS, the media and body image, cosmetic and aesthetic procedures, emergency first aid including CPR, substance use and misuse, the wider risks and legal consequences of illegal substance abuse, self checking for cancer
  • Relationships: managing strong emotions and feelings, parenting skills, recognising unhealthy or abusive relationships, understanding consent, domestic abuse, the impact of separation, divorce and bereavement on families, how to access support and information, the role of sex in the media, sexual ethics, gender double standards and victim blaming, the impact of drugs and alcohol on choices and sexual behaviour, supporting friends
  • Living in the wider world: evaluating personal strengths for goal setting, the unacceptability of any kind of discrimination, thinking critically about extremism and intolerance (including shame and honour based violence)